conservation vs protection

Conservation vs. Preservation


The terms conservation and preservation are often viewed as being two separate and distinct functions. I strongly believe thatconservation and preservation should not act singularly but work together in the eventual goal of maintaining an ecosystem. Both may be deemed secondary arguments over maintaining an ecosystem but at the same time, conservation and preservation can be considered as primary arguments taken as a whole.


According to BBC., an important concept for conservation genetics is the difference between the preservation of a species and theconservation of a species. Preservation implies only keeping the species alive (ensuring enough breeding individuals to continue their unique genome). The idea behind conservation, however, keeps as many individuals alive as possible and tries to ensure genetic diversity among them.


Conservation should maximize the number of individuals in the population, because that usually equals the most diversity in that population. We can see this through observation and the principles of genetics. Observation shows us that the more individuals in a population, the more diverse its members are – humanity serves as a good example of this. It also makes sense from a genetic and evolutionary standpoint: the more individuals, the more likely that useful mutations or unique crossing-over will occur, creating genetically diverse beings.





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